The complex political situation in the Caucasus escalated into a full fledged war when hostilities began between the Ottoman Empire and Russia. After the February Revolution Russia stopped its advance into the Caucasus and signed a treaty with the Turks. Although the Russians withdrew from the conflict fighting continued as Armenia, Georgia and Azerbaijan declared their independence and fought against the Turks. In the end the Turks were defeated, but neither Armenia, Georgia or Azerbaijan could hold on to their independence: after the conclusion of the Russian Civil War they were incorporated into the Soviet Union.
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