‘Lenin’ was one of his pseudonyms, inspired perhaps by the name of the river Lena. Lenin never divulged details of his name’s origin. Lenin was a Russian revolutionary who took over political power together with the Bolsheviks. Lenin became the leader of the newly installed regime, and influenced the country as he pleased.
Lenin came from a modest, regular family, of a liberal mindset. They were religious people, who raised their three children in love and sincerity, inspiring a love for study in them.
Lenin spent his childhood and youth in the towns and villages taken back from the Volga region, in central Russia. This period left a strong impression on the personality of the future Bolshevik leader.
Lenin’s radical viewpoints became more pronounced after his brother Aleksandr’s execution. While Aleksandr was awaiting his first trial and later the execution of his sentence, Lenin was finishing eighth grade in the Simbirsk secondary school. The Kazan University was chosen. For most Russian students, university was a more liberal world, without parental or institutional supervision. They were able to study independently, unlike in the repressive regime of secondary school.
Due to his connections with Marxist circles, but also because of his involvement in the unrest of laborers who went on strike from textile and cigarette factories in Saint Petersburg, Lenin was arrested and then deported to Siberia. Lenin is the one who wrote the textile laborers’ proclamation. The strikes were broken, but the Tsarist authorities were forced to pay attention to the Marxists.
After his expulsion from the Kazan University, Lenin entered a new phase of his life, becoming a revolutionary, a loyal reader of Marx, and a supporter of Marx’s ideas. His brother’s execution, his expulsion due to participation in student protests, his being prevented from continuing university studies, and the permanent police surveillance of his family, all impressed upon Lenin that the political regime was merciless and must be changed.
Lenin was the author of numerous works of politics and economy which stood at the foundation of the growth of communism in the USSR and in the entire world. Some of Lenin’s most important works became study manuals for the communist states. Lenin was considered a theoretician for the promotion of Marxist-Leninism in the whole world.
Lenin never had material lack - not in Russia or abroad. During his exile, Lenin did not have to work. He travelled a lot - to Bern, Paris, Brussels, Zurich, London, Stockholm, Berlin, the island of Capri, etc. He would stay in hotels or in rented houses in resorts.
A large part of Lenin’s life was spent in exile - a time in which he made a name for himself because of his political orientation. He went to many European towns, but he was always dreaming of returning to his native country.
This was an eventful year: Russia’s involvement in the First World War, the February Revolution, Tsar Nicholas II’s abdication, and the Bolshevik Revolution through which Lenin took political power.
The Bolshevik Revolution was the moment when Lenin seized power. Initially, it was Trotsky - the leader of the Petrograd Soviet and the Military Revolutionary Committee - who was in the forefront of the Revolution. The Military Revolutionary Committee was formed with the view to defend Petrograd against the soldiers of Kornilov, the chief general of the army, but also against the German advance. Lenin took command and the Provisional Government was swept away. Lenin’s party took advantage of the chaos existent in Russia after the February Revolution, and seized power.
The Third Communist International was created by Lenin with the purpose of bringing together the representatives of the many socialist parties and the few communist parties already formed.
In the period before he took over power, Lenin wrote decrees, appeals and articles, spoke at meetings and gatherings, worked towards uniting the international workers’ movements and argued the possibility of accomplishing socialist revolutions through various different means, according to the specific conditions in each country.
Lenin managed to temper the dissatisfaction of the populace by introducing the New Economic Policy. Through this, he was able to bring industrial production back to the level it reached before the war. The New Economic Policy included a system of economic reforms, which led to a compromise with the principles of the market economy. The essence of the New Economic Policy was the economic alliance between the working class and peasants, necessary for attracting the masses of peasants to build socialism.
A very sensitive subject concerning Lenin’s private life was his family’s religion. How orthodox were they? Carefully kept secret from the communists was the fact that his maternal grandfather, Alexandr Blank, was born to Jewish parents, but converted to Christianity in his youth.
Lenin removed opposition from inside the party and he managed to introduce a new economic direction for the country, but he didn’t enjoy a long rule in Russia. In the latter part of his life, Lenin was disgusted by politics because of the endless arguments at the Party Congresses and in the Central Committee. He had become fascinated by administration and economic issues.
On the day of Lenin’s death, the USSR government received more than 1,000 telegrams from all over Russia, asking that Lenin’s body should not be buried, but preserved for future generations. Professor Alexei Abrikosov, a famous pathologist and anatomist, embalmed Lenin’s body in order to preserve it until the burial service.
A ‘personality cult’ is not usually centred around a dead person, even if he was the founder of a nation, like Lenin. However, he was glorified and venerated after his death in the whole of the USSR.
Lenin, founder of the USSR, suffered three strokes, with his health getting worse and worse. The official declaration stated cause of death as cerebral atherosclerosis combined with a fourth stroke. After his death, rumors spread that he had suffered from syphilis, but the Soviet authorities upheld the official diagnosis as the only truth. A British author revisited the hypothesis that the USSR leader died of syphilis, saying: “Many doctors and researchers from the Kremlin believed that Lenin died of syphilis, but they were forced by the authorities to keep their opinions to themselves.”
A secret project was developed, meticulously prepared outside of Russia, concerning the installation of communism in Russia. This plan was generously financed by ‘big international bankers’, especially those on Wall Street: Jacob Schiff, J.P. Morgan, Otto Kahn, Paul Warburg, John D. Rockefeller, Edward Henry Harriman and Frank Vanderlip. The Wall-Street subsidy of the Bolsheviks was made through the intermediary of the Swedish bank ‘NYA Banken’, headed up by the pro-Marxist banker, Olof Aschberg. These men were interested in Russia’s enormous wealth. In the run-up to the Bolshevik Revolutions, Charles B.Hill, who led the three branches of ‘Westinghouse’, used the Russian branch to finance the Bolsheviks.
Two months before the ‘revolution’, a so-called ‘Red Cross mission’ from America appeared in St. Petersburg: 36 people, all dressed in white coats emblazoned with the Red Cross symbol. The mission’s declared purpose was strictly humanitarian aid. In truth, the ‘Red Cross Mission’ had come to St. Petersburg straight from Wall Street: 26 of the ‘missionaries’ were a selection of the biggest bankers, businessmen and industrialists of America, disguised as doctors, supposedly part of the medical service of the American army.