After the attack at Pearl Harbor the Japanese Empire launched an invasion of the US-occupied Philippines. The Japanese landing at Formosa enabled them to quickly overrun Luzon but the American-Filipo defenders held out in the Bataan Peninsula for four months before finally succumbing to the Japanese advance. The defeat in the Philippines is considered one of the worst military defeats in US history.
This award was intended not so much for me personally as it is a recognition of the indomitable courage of the gallant army which it was my honor to command. - General Douglas MacArthur, upon receiving the Medal of Honor for his defence of the Philippines.